In almost every U.S. state, employers are required by law to carry workers’ compensation insurance if they have a certain number of employees. If you’re a business owner in New Hampshire, you must carry workers’ comp insurance if you have at least one employee. Like most states, New Hampshire specifies a few employee types that are exempt from compulsory coverage.

In this article, we’ll go over who you need to cover, who is exempt, and possible penalties for non-compliance.


How does workers’ compensation insurance in New Hampshire work?


The state of New Hampshire requires you to carry workers’ compensation insurance as soon as you have any employees. That includes part-time and seasonal employees, family members, and employees of non-profit organizations. You can purchase coverage via the private market through either a licensed insurance broker or directly through an insurance company.

If your company is considered high-risk, you might struggle to find insurance through the private market. The National Council on Compensation Insurance provides coverage for insurers who can’t find a suitable private market solution. Visit their website here.

Some larger employers can also qualify to become self-insurers. To become a self-insurer, a company must periodically submit proof that it has the financial capability to handle injury claims from any and all of its employees.


Who needs workers’ compensation insurance in New Hampshire?


Every employee in New Hampshire must be covered by workers’ compensation insurance, with some exceptions. Individuals who are exempt from mandatory coverage include:

  • Federal workers
  • Sole proprietors
  • Partners in partnerships
  • Independent contractors
  • Corporate officers
  • Direct salespeople
  • Real estate salespeople

As a business owner or sole proprietor, you don’t have to purchase workers’ compensation insurance for yourself. That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t get coverage. Sustaining an injury or illness while performing your work can lead to sizable hospital bills, medical costs and a lengthy recovery period. Investing in workers’ comp for yourself could save you from a brutal financial setback.


What are the penalties for not having workers’ comp in New Hampshire?


Failing to provide workers’ compensation insurance for you employees can lead to fines and other penalties. If your business is found to be non-compliant, you could face a one-time penalty of $2,500 and an additional $100 per employee per day of non-compliance. If one of your employees gets injured on the job and you don’t have workers’ comp, you could be liable for all the expenses related to their injuries as well as any civil penalties.


What does workers’ comp cover?

Medical costs

If one of your employees is injured or becomes ill on the job, workers’ comp can cover their immediate medical expenses such as ambulance rides, emergency room visits, x-rays, surgery and prescription medications.

For example, if a kitchen employee reaches into a sink and slices their hand on a broken glass, they might require medical attention. Workers’ comp could cover the costs of their emergency room visit, stitches and pain management prescriptions.

Keep in mind that should an employer in New Hampshire fail to report a work related injury within 5 days, they can face steep fines of up to $2,500.

Lost Wages

Many work-related incidents can leave employees unable to work for several weeks or months. Workers’ comp can provide some relief for employees in the form of partial wage replacement.

If an employee breaks their foot in a work-related accident, they could end up stuck at home for multiple months. While they’re out of work, workers’ comp would cover some of their lost wages.

Ongoing Care

Some work-related injuries require long-term care such as physical therapy or pain management. Often, these injuries are more the result of repetitive workplace stress rather than a single traumatic incident. Chronic back issues for construction workers and carpal tunnel syndrome for office employees are two common examples of the types of workers who might receive ongoing care due to repetitive stress. If their claim is approved, workers’ comp can cover the costs associated with their ongoing care.

Death Benefits

If the unthinkable happens and an employee passes away because of a workplace incident, workers’ comp can cover funeral costs and other death benefits for the deceased worker’s family or beneficiaries.